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Blind Dolphin- The second most endangered freshwater dolphin species in world
13. February 2019 at 14:08
by Bisma Shamsi
The Indus River dolphin, locally known as “Bhulan” or the “Blind dolphin” is one among the South Asian River Dolphins and is one of the world's rarest animal that is the second most endangered freshwater dolphin species in the world.
A flagship species, this dolphin is an indicator of the biological health of the aquatic and terrestrial environment adjoining the Indus River. It is found exclusively in freshwater, living not only in the main channels, but also, during the flood season, in seasonal tributaries and the flooded lowlands. The scientific name for the Indus river dolphin is, “Platanista gangetica minor”. The Indus river dolphin is one of around 80 known species of cetacea and one of around 40 known species of dolphin.

Due to their apparent small population size these marine mammals are currently considered endangered and hunting them is considered illegal. The Blind Dolphin has a long beak and a stocky body. It has a low triangular hump on its back in place of a 'true' dorsal fin. It is gray-brown in color, sometimes with a pinkish belly. The ...
International Astronomy and Astrophysics Competition 2019: Participate Today
09. February 2019 at 13:22
by Julia Berens
The Qualification Round 2019 of the International Astronomy and Astrophysics Competition has opened! Use your skills and astronomy knowledge to win certificates, awards, and prizes. The IAAC gives you the unique opportunity to show your knowledge and astronomy skills! The IAAC is the biggest online astronomy competition for students from all countries. Win awards and cash prizes worth over 700 USD or become official IAAC ambassador in your country!
Awards and Prizes
Successful participants receive many certificates, awards, cash prizes, and honors:

- All Participants: Official Certificate
- All Finalists: Finalists Certificate
- 1. Prize: 200 USD Cash Prize
- 2. Prize: 150 USD Cash Prize
- 3. Prize: 100 USD Cash Prize
- Special Regional Awards: Africa, Europa, Greater Middle East, South Asia, South East Asia, America

We understand the crucial role of teachers and schools for scientific education. Because of that, we award several school awards to honor the efforts of the teachers and the schools:

- IAAC School Award for Most Participants: This award receives the school with the mos...
Girls Education in Pakistan: Solutions for impediments
30. January 2019 at 09:51
by Zulfiqar Ali Ramzan
Educating a child has always been the main issue in Pakistan. And to educate a girl in this country, the most difficult one. In Pakistan, education is given the least importance. And those who have access to it, get the benefits.
Educating a child has always been the main issue in Pakistan. And to educate a girl in this country, the most difficult one. In Pakistan, education is given the least importance. And those who have access to it, get the benefits. In a densely populated country, governments have given little or no importance in the field of education.

There is a huge proportion of people living in Pakistan whose children remain uneducated either due to lack of awareness or poverty. However, in the recent past, the number of children going to schools has increased. In the era of the digital world, people are now aware of the prospects of education. Still, there is a growing concern regarding girls getting education. According to Human Rights Watch report in November 2018, titled as ‘Shall I feed my daughter, or Educate her?’, highlighted som...
What is text neck?
26. January 2019 at 09:01
by Anand Vaghasiya
Text neck is a Modern term describing repeated stress injury and pain in the neck resulting from excessive watching or texting on handheld devices like Mobile, tablet, Gaming Consoles over a sustained period of time. Nowadays Children and younger people are more prone to this phenomenon, because of excessive use of handheld Mobile Phones and other equipment in the wrong Posture. It is also often known as Turtle Neck posture.
The term 'Text Neck' was coined by Dr. DL Fishman, a US chiropractor. This condition is a growing lifestyle and health condition with the constant growth in mobile user population all over the world.
Apart from neck pain, it can also cause shoulder pain, upper back pain, headaches, and increased thoracic kyphosis. Flexing the head forward to use a smartphone affects the spine directly. The most common complaint of Text Neck is neck pain, stiffness, and soreness.

Signs and Symptoms of Text Neck
Instant upper back or neck pain when using a handheld device
Nagging or sharp pain in the neck or shoulders at the end of the day.
General shoulder pain and tightness. Pain can be localized to one spot or may be diffused over an area, the usually lower part of the neck. Can be describ...
Active Mental Health Initiative
05. January 2019 at 18:53
by Ishaan Sachdeva
In today’s society, we are focussing on complex solutions to the issues that our society faces everyday. One of the biggest challenges today is overcoming the mental health crisis in schools and universities in Canada. Research has shown that physical activity offers a simple solution to this global problem. This is the goal of Active mental health Initiative, a student run national organization in Canada.
In a society where we are surrounded by confusing, complex and convoluted remedies for even the most minor mental health concerns, it can be hard to remember the benefits that can be derived from the simpler aspects of life.

Ontario colleges and universities are currently facing a student mental health crisis that impacts the lives and academic performance of the students. The causes leading to this crisis are multifactorial, including the challenges of transitioning from high school to university, adaptation to a new social environment, financial difficulties, stress of academics and decreased support of family. The positive aspect is that universities are addressing the challenges of student mental health by laying down wellness strategies and opening student wellness centres, specifically catered towards mental health issues. Many...
Lie of 24 hours in a day!!
02. January 2019 at 09:09
by Omkareshwar Jha
We all don't have 24 hours. It's a great myth. We all have two clocks out of which one is mechanical and the other one is biological. And that's what makes it different.
25th hour of the day I found it perfect for what I'm going to tell you because we all don't have the same 24hours. You might heard that we all have 24 hours in a day but that's not true. Really!! Yes. How is so as logically we can't deny the 24 hours in a day concept but think again.

We all have two clocks. One is running outside & the other is running inside. Outside clock uses the mechanical instructions of time. That's independent of what we do. But there is a clock running inside that I called Biological clock. That's connectted with planet's tune with body. Have you ever thought that how someone is so efficient at work & have a productive day and you can't even if you try hard.

The reason is the time variable that person added few extra hours in her/his day so for sure they have some extra ease of doing everything. Yo...
International Youth Math Challenge: Winners of 2018
30. December 2018 at 13:43
by Fabian Schneider
The International Youth Math Challenge of 2018 was a great success with about two thousand participants from all around the world! The interesting math problems of the qualification, pre-final and final round have been challenging: Nine students have achieved awards for their outstanding performance and additionally, nine schools have received special awards!
The International Youth Math Challenge is an international mathematics competition that enables students from all countries to prove their math skills and to unleash their creativity. Mathematics is essential for the understanding of the world, scientific achievements, and progress, and for engineering and prosperity in our society. There is no doubt that math education is crucial for students of all ages around the world.

The team of the International Youth Math Challenge aims to establish a global competition that is accessible to all students and teachers - youths receive the unique opportunity to challenge their skills, be encouraged and rewarded, and to enjoy the fascinating world of mathematics. This year's competitions took place from September to December and nine participants received awards for their outstanding performance....
The Bottlenecks of Telecommunications in Nigeria - The Call for Internet Freedom
23. December 2018 at 14:08
by Esimaje Michael Onoseme
The Far Cry for change in Internet sustainability has gone beyond words in Nigeria, Individuals and Companies are loosing data and money due to the scourge of Telecommunication inadequacies.
Teledensity (number telecoms line available to population ratio) which is used as a tool to measure growth of Telecoms.

If we employ our tool here, to calculate teledensity and prosperity, fell free to use your calculator like me too. Back then in 1960 we usually see a gross of 18724/40000000 x 100% =0.047%
450,000/100000000 x 100% = 0.045%. You will agree with me that it was a backward movement from 0.047% to 0.045% meaning the colonial masters were better at running the show than the leaders.

Was this to say Independence was bad? or Nigerians were dull?In 1992, the decree 75 gave birth to the Nigerian Communication Commission (NCC) which oversaw the privatization process of the telecom sector. I remember how my grandma's house was always visited by her neighbors because she had a phone line in 1997, having a phone line was a b...
Humans Vs Humanoids
03. December 2018 at 11:20
by Siddiqa Magar
Artificial intelligence is one of humankind’s truly revolutionary endeavours. As AI becomes more sophisticated and its ability to perform human tasks accelerates exponentially, we're finally seeing some attempts to wrestle with what that means, not just for business, but for humanity as a whole.
Faced with automated future, what moral framework should guide us? Optimizing logistics, detecting fraud, composing art, conducting research, providing translations and what not, intelligent machine systems are transforming our lives for the better. But the question is getting better by how far and to what extent?

The rudimentary form of algorithmic optimization for content and other numerous tech addictive methods are the new frontier of human dependency. When used right, this could evolve into an opportunity to nudge society towards more beneficial behaviour. However, in the wrong hands it could prove detrimental by directing human attention and triggering certain actions. These actions can compel us to think “are we heading to be a cyborg?”

Stacking information in an intently nuanced way with oligarchs under control h...
Is time travel possible?
27. November 2018 at 09:11
by Tajdar Adil Ali
The world is mostly dependent on time ,and every action is done or rejected in accordance with time.Resembling this the main thing concerned with it ,that is being focused is all possibility of Time travel. Is time travel possible?
The great 20th century scientist Albert Einstein developed a theory called Special Relativity. The ideas of Special Relativity are very hard to imagine because they aren't about what we experience in everyday life, but scientists have confirmed them. This theory says that space and time are really aspects of the same thing—space-time. There's a speed limit of 300,000 kilometers per second (or 186,000 miles per second) for anything that travels through space-time, and light always travels the speed limit through empty space.

Special Relativity also says that a surprising thing happens when you move through space-time, especially when your speed relative to other objects is close to the speed of light. Time goes slower for you than for the people you left behind. You won't notice this effect until you return to those stationary peo...
"Simple Common Sense" is lacking in today's science
25. November 2018 at 20:26
by Omkareshwar Jha
Well a big trouble right, simple Common sense is lacking in most of our organizing bodies. The basis of hungry thrust and survival instincts forces us to hunt and the same we are doing right now.
The basis of science must not put on destructive foundation pillars. I'm saying so mostly in terms of technology well now most of young people's will deny my statement and older will show concern. I'm 21 living in the same world. But when you start questioning there's no age limit to get answers.

Technology solves problems and that's great but if same technology is not developed in tune up with the nature it destroys lives. I wanna draw your attention to few Things:
* Are we lacking underground water reservoir.
* Are we lacking in controlling pollution & plastic.
* Do we all agree upon our education system. Is it really developing our true selves.
* Do all faces seems happy or troubled around you.
* Are we using technology to really get connected to the globe Or we are loosing people's in front of our eyes.
* We are making ...
Towards the improvement of science in Kenya
10. November 2018 at 19:43
by Maulline Gragau
At the basic level, we all envisage a transformation from a backward, superstition-ridden to a progressive society using science and technology as instruments of social change. After 55 years, one expects tremendous physical growth in the scientific community in Kenya. However, in the spheres of social behaviour, scientific attitude is at a discount. In the case of national commitment to the development of science and technology, it is a paradoxical situation.
Since Independence, Kenya has achieved a fairly stable social and political set up. Kenya has taken giant steps forward in industrialization, agriculture, science and education, but in almost every field she has achieved only a lopsided progress with the benefits of progress rarely even trickling down to the masses. A great majority of children remain illiterate and find no exposure to even the rudimentary benefits of science. Even more distressing is that those who benefit from “progress” have little thought for the rest. There is a total lack of accountability among Kenyan Scientists in the present day set-up. The reasons are not difficult to discern.

Kenya has set for herself the standards of the West. There is a complete lack of nationalist feeling among her scientists. We do western science, contribute to western journ...
Education System
22. October 2018 at 09:02
by Malak Majeedullah Khan
Education is to learn the techniques to be applied in practical life rather than memorizing the formulae and long complex mathematical equations. The fault in today’s education system is that the student do work of computers as well as of a human. Hence affecting their educational carrier and grades.
In past, before giving a task to an employ there were training seasons to make the employs able to operate the machines. Later on that process become schooling resulting the present education system. In past there were not such efficient computers to work and hence human have to work more but now the course is has been changed completely due to modern technology. But unfortunately we did not changed that old system of education.

Besides having modern technologies to store the formulae, students are compelled to rote that complex formulae which should not be done. We should teach the students that how these formulae can be applied and what is the technique of this process not to use them like a hard drive of a computer.

Some of the students have good grades but they don’t know the actual path of a process and lake the practic...
Rise and Fall of Bitcoin
29. September 2018 at 21:43
by Esimaje Michael Onoseme
Although the popularity of bitcoin has grown over the eight years it has been in existence, still, there are a lot of misunderstanding about what it really is and how it is transacted. This lack of knowledge has led to some people relating it to Ponzi and Pyramid schemes, while others regard it as a mysterious currency for a secret society.
However, a deeper analysis of the foundations and the operations of bitcoin reveal that the above fears are far-fetched and that bitcoin is actually a very important and timely innovation in the financial sector.

Bitcoin represents a technology where the value comes from the fact that the whole world recognizes that there’s a finite amount,” says Lee. “It’s a scarce digital asset.” Only 21 million tokens will ever exist. Right now 16 million are in circulation. Four million more will be mined in the next 10 years. Based on the open source mathematical formula, “it will take 100 years to mine the last one million Bitcoin,” explains Lee who is very optimistic about the future of the cryptocurrency. Thus , due to the volatility of the exchange market the tendencies for bitcoin to rise and fal...
The effects of data collection in improving SMEs and Businesses in Africa
20. September 2018 at 17:54
by Chukwuemeka Benedict Osondu
Issues of competitive advantage falls within the context of applying information and improving information. The use of data collection can not be underestimated. We need data and this helps us to evaluate our innovations, recreating and improve our businesses. SMEs has about 80% of our business community in Nigeria aside the unreachable parastatal.
The SMEs brings about the growth of any growing and established economies. Like China, USA, India, Japan, Canada, etc. Where is our innovation where is our innovation where are our SMEs? Multiple taxation from both local, state and federal government. It was discovered that among 10 starts up it is possible and likely that 7 to 8 will end up before it gets 1 year.

What are the problems facing businesses in Nigeria? Biggest Challenges Facing Nigerian Startups Revealed by Benth Plus Consulting. In Africa Nigeria is known as a big Face in the growth of human and resources capacity. The international business and a focus on Nigeria as the most populous nation in Africa, with an Assumed population of about 190 million people. Over the last few years the Nigerian economy has grown at a steady pace, as shown by the recent GDP rebasing of t...
Best time to restart is when you are on boot mode.
20. September 2018 at 17:51
by Omkareshwar Jha
Booting the system our body is not in our hands. What we can do is to take advantage from it instead of being depressed. Well it's hard to say to feel good when you are not physically or mentally fit. But I can say that it's possible I was victim my self. Fell frequently ill in my childhood but it also gave me something new to explore either.
Well it's sad for anyone when you can't eat what you like, can't go anywhere out of your weakness. Somethimes pain hurts most we think it's our bad time. But my friend if are enough willing & can show some courage to be conscious you can explore a completely new dimension of yourself. Well I don't wanna say that you fell I'll to explore this dimension I pray you stay healthy. But the one thing is there I wanna tell you that you are closest to yourself and when we fell ill our body demands rest our mind demands silence and peace. And that's best time to stay with yourself.

Just be conscious of yourself. When you feel sleepy during your weakness you lie on the bed or sofa. You have the complete access to your sub conscious mind. It's the real healer & science proves it that whenever something happens to our body or we fell in a...
Seismic Methods
17. September 2018 at 20:39
by Joshua Oyeshola O.
Seismic methods are the most commonly conducted geophysical surveys for engineering investigations. Seismic refraction provides engineers and geologists with the most basic of geologic data via simple procedures with common equipment.
Any mechanical vibration is initiated by a source and travels to the location where the vibration is noted. These vibrations are seismic waves. The vibration is merely a change in the stress state due to a disturbance. The vibration emanates in all directions that support displacement. The vibration readily passes from one medium to another and from solids to liquids or gasses and in reverse. A vacuum cannot support mechanical vibratory waves, while electromagnetic waves can be transmitted through a vacuum. The direction of travel is called the ray, ray vector, or ray path. Since a source produces motion in all directions the locus of first disturbances will form a spherical shell or wave front in a uniform material. There are two major classes of seismic waves: body waves, which pass through the volume of a material; and, surface...
Maximizing the human abilities.
04. September 2018 at 22:10
by Omkareshwar Jha
It all starts with our birth. When we born by the time we learn emotions, to crawl, to observe, expressions, demands, requirements of survival is inbuilt in our system or dna from very moment we got birth. Then one day comes and crawling baby tries to stand on feet may fall many times but efforts to stand makes enough courage & strength and we walk.
Then we start walking & no mistake till now. We learn language and start talking. That all things we learn requires a lot of effort & starvation to do it. But eventually we go to school some day where we learn to read and write. But wait tell me before I proceed how will you teach me the letter " A" . Is it by saying draw line and curve or something like that almost any of your word is "WORD" assume I'm fully illiterate and hardly 2 & 1/2 years you can't teach a letter by using a word?? Does that bother you. How can you even expect from me that??

Tell me do you have some other way.. But we all know we managed to teach & learn somehow. But that contradict our whole natural learning process into believe system. The most powerful tool in learning in the entire Cosmos is "Mind" is not that s...
Antibiotics their use,misuse and mode of action
29. August 2018 at 20:00
by Sohaib Hassan
Antibiotics are effective against bacteria because they work to kill bacteria by stop the growth and reproduction of different harmful bacteria but in certain cases useful bacteria may also effect..
Actually there are two type of germs Bacteria and Viruses.
Bacteria are living organism that presents everywhere in the world. Some bacteria are useful like Lactobacillus, which is a bacteria that lives in intestine and helps the digestion of Food. But some bacteria are very harmful and causes different diseases.
On the other hand Viruses are not alive,they are particles that contain their genetic material wrapped in a protein coat. Viruses grow and reproduce only after they have invaded other living cells.

Use of antibiotics
Antibiotics are used in different diseases like flu,fever not only to treat humans but also animals. Veterinary doctors also recommend different antibiotics in different cases of animals. Antibiotics work in the way that they kill o...
Anxiety in a Nutshell
24. August 2018 at 19:32
by Valeriia Tsytsyk
Since creation human beings have been given a whole set of emotions and feelings. Disregarding whether the feeling is bad or good has its own reason and design. In an article published by Barbara L. Fredrickson titled “The Role of Positive Emotions in Positive Psychology. The Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions”, there is a report on detailed research into the roles and effects of positive emotions.
However, setting aside the positive feelings which make us more spiritually alive, it is important note that such negative feelings as fear, panic, pain, etc. have their functions as well. One of the most basic imperatives they serve is protection and the instinct for self-preservation. However, it is no less evident that if an individual becomes overly obsessed by one of those negative emotions, the flow of life, as well as all vital activities, may be in jeopardy.

One of these negative feelings is anxiety. Basically, anxiety is a completely normal feeling which we experience from time to time. To some extent, this may be helpful since it keeps us “awake” and stimulated. Yet, there are many examples of people who are suffering from continuous anxiety concerning past, present, future or even, in some cases, unrealistic con...
Students: Brought Nearer to the Industry
13. August 2018 at 22:20
by Abednego Ishaya
Being a student, one tends to imagine how the work force will be for him or her, when the person finally comes towards the climax of completing his or her studies. Though, programs such as the student’s Industrial Training (IT) have been put in place, there lies the need for other avenues where the industry can be brought nearer to the students. This is evident in the various Workshops, Conferences etc, that are been organize by various professional bodies, for student’s engagement with the industry.
Owing to the pace at which the world’s technology is moving, different avenues have or are been created by the industry professionals to provide an industry base activity, through which students can be intimated on the ongoing trends in the industry, and how they tend to come in. Providing research opportunities, competing opportunities and knowledge/industry based theme lectures.

The energy industry is not left behind in this. As can be seen in the avenue which it provides to its students through its professional body “Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)”, via it’s various Sections, National councils, Regional divisions and the International body as a whole. And in like manner, the Society of Petroleum Engineers-Nigerian Council (SPE-NC) also has its own version, otherwise referred to as the “Student&rs...
Internet Governance in Kenya
29. July 2018 at 22:34
by Maulline Gragau
The term ‘Internet governance’ is used in international discourse to describe a wide variety of issues, which includes: Internet-specific technical issues, which are largely determined by Internet professionals working within Internet specialist fora (such as, at global level, ICANN, the IETF and W3C).
Issues concerned with the relationship between the Internet and its underpinning infrastructure, which are largely determined by businesses and regulatory agencies within the telecommunications sector; and issues of wider public policy which are substantially impacted by the Internet but which are primarily governed by national and local agencies that are explicitly concerned with those other domains (such as education ministries or the police) and which see themselves as lying outside the communications sector.

In practice, most of the issues with which Internet governance is concerned have both technical and public policy dimensions, and involve both decision-makers who work primarily within the Internet environment and those who are primarily concerned with public policy domains. Some of the most challenging issues of Internet gove...
The Virtual Hygge Generation: One Pixelated World to be in
24. July 2018 at 23:08
by Francine Beatriz Pradez
How often are you using your social media accounts? Have you ever experienced seeing unsavory posts or news online? How do you respond to it? All these questions and more are mind-boggling rhetorics that we often flip and twist inside our minds hoping to understand what the role of the digital world is in real life. Are we simply users of technology or being used by technology?
At any given time, my mind drifts back to the day I was sent to Denmark as the official youth delegate of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines to the Spedjernes Lejr 2017 or Jamboree Denmark 2017. Winds burned icily on my face, it was humid but also cold like opening a refrigerator on a cool day. But as I trudge along the trail, the wind became a soothing sensation to the otherwise drenching and arduous walk before reaching the camp. My line of thoughts stopped because I realized I was not alone. I could hear footfalls and heavy breaths matching next to mine of people I have yet to see. And when curiosity got the better of me, I looked behind and saw tons of Scouts walking and engaging in a lively, animated conversation. The winds with its icy touch and the gray clouds have hidden instantly behind the ray of sunshine emanating from th...
Technologies changed our lives
19. July 2018 at 22:08
by Hamid Ali Shah
Science and technology dares us to dream the impossible to make possible. Every human being aspires for serenity. If serenity is the end then the technology is the mean through which one can achieve the ultimate goal. Technology gives us the courage to venture into unknowns, and challenges us to be determined when we are doubtful.
As I am typing this article, I have been thinking if computer was never created in the past century, would I be able to type this piece of article by using MS word to take part in the competition? Without the invention of World Wide Web (www) by Tim Berners-Lee, can I witness this breakthrough of information almost in every subject.

As I put my thoughts into the words, another question props out of nowhere, scientific discoveries have brought us to the exhilarating world of technology. It is beyond doubt that technology is the lifeline of modern society which is of utmost utility and importance. Because technological innovations have brought mankind to a new bizarre dimension which we have never thought before. Biomedical electronics, pharmacogenomics and green technology are ...
Can you sit still?
17. July 2018 at 22:58
by Omkareshwar Jha
Sit still without doing anything. Try that with closed eyes and in alone. How much time you can still. Try to observe. Is that you or anyone else. Can you stop your own private world with closed eyes that most of the people suffering or just like a play they use to or allow the imagination to run a movie & emotional and mental trap.
Only peoples having high depth in their selves or in depression in sever depression can only experience & know how to shut down the system of yourself. For other peoples it's even difficult to experience. So to prove you i would like to do an experiment. So are your ready my friend!
Okay take a deep breath deep but slow and exhale it in same way you inhale.

Now time for the challenge "Stand on your one leg" and try to balance with the other feet on the ground. Haah, so it might be difficult but most of us can manage and say it's just the matter of practice. So now my friend "Close your eyes with one leg in air". You can try any or both leg one by one in the air and try to keep the balance. One leg will surely perform better than other depending upon your working or most used hands. As we know Brain have two he...
A logically impossible process of learning
14. July 2018 at 20:37
by Valeriia Tsytsyk
It is a commonly accepted fact that people use memory on a regular basis for memorizing and learning necessary information. In case of learning languages, Nick Bilbrough stated that “we need to go through three processes in order to remember language: encoding, storage and retrieval. During these processes, we make sense of the received data, linking it to already existing knowledge, storage of the information into long-term memory, which plays a significant role and use it in case of necessity”(Bilbrough 2011).
This procedure seems to be quite logical and plausible in case of adult memorizing and learning when the brain is completely developed and runs at full capacity. However, how is it possible for children to learn a language or acquire any piece of information if researchers generally agree that the age at which our long-term memory starts to develop is 3-5 years? Consequently, it is not the long-term memory through which children learn and acquire language but something else, unique and completely different from adult comprehension.

The process of memorizing as well as the memory itself can be described in the most varied ways, depending on the attitude and perspective of a person. One may say that memory is the mother of all wisdom (Aeschylus), a marvelous instrument (Primo Levi) or the scribe of the soul (Aristotle). Whereas from the ...
Who controls your inner mechanism?
13. July 2018 at 22:04
by Valeriia Tsytsyk
Have you ever wondered about the uniqueness of the world? What is that tiny part of each human being that makes more than 7 billion different? What makes us fall in love, hate, change our inner world, simultaneously changing the world around? Eventually, what is that force that pushes us to ask such questions?
Have you ever wondered about the uniqueness of our world? What is that tiny part of each human being that makes more than 7 billion different? What makes us fall in love, hate, change our inner world, simultaneously changing the world around? Eventually, what is that force that pushes us to ask such questions? The answer is easy and complicated at once – personality.

It is interesting that you can have as many different descriptions of this term as many people you ask. There may be associations with some inner features, talents, advantages, and disadvantages that affect other people’s impression or simply a smile or a sight of a person that makes him/her a special one for you. If to glance at the more officially accepted explanation, personality is defined as” the set of habitual behaviours, cognitions and emotional ...
Does the Soul Exist?
08. July 2018 at 20:43
by Pranav Mohla
Have you experienced the whisperings within your being? Unbiased, Unprejudiced, Unpreprocessed! To examine subtle connection that reflects the presence and mysterious activity of consciousness in the world that there will be structure in what should be random data, associated with major global events that engage our minds and hearts. Trying to change, social, national or global realities without working on human consciousness means there is no serious intention.
Consciousness can be a big factor in creating change on the planet. Sending thoughts of love, healing intent, prayer, good intention, and more can have a powerful influence on what you are directing those feelings towards. Foundations rest upon insights through excerpts from Preserved scriptures and life experiences of Mystics, Singularity in thought from the moment of transcendence through a cosmic consciousness only in purpose for the development of Human potential. Does the Soul exist?

Descriptions of consciousness coincide precisely with the descriptions of the universe in quantum physics.

How can time be subjective to the human mind? (How long is 5 minutes? – it depends on whether you have 5 minutes left in an exam or five minutes in an elevator full of people...
The Impact of Technological Change on Labor Market in Developing Countries
08. July 2018 at 20:24
by Simona Kovachevska
The technological advancements and inventions change not only the work processes, but the everyday life too. Because of the increased access to education and opportunities, developed countries are more likely to use modern technology. Those countries can easily adjust the labor market and the whole economy to the changes. On the other hand, developing countries find some difficulties in the process of implementing modern technologies.
Developing countries have problems related to the labor market and it’s adaption to the technological changes, especially because developing countries have high unemployment rates. This paper offers a research of the impact of technological change on the economic growth and unemployment in the developing countries, with particular reference to the Republic of Macedonia.

In many areas the technological change brought positive implications. The technological transformation plays a key role in the economic growth, because making innovations to the production machines, production methods and products in order to increase production volume or efficiency will result with competition advantages and profit increases (Çalışkan, 2015). According to Regalado (2012), the implementation of digital technology is going to cause a massi...
The Role of Cooperation in the World of Solitary Geniuses
06. July 2018 at 09:28
by Valeriia Tsytsyk , Zulfiqar Ali Ramzan
In order to understand the link for cooperation among different people and issues in it, it is necessary to know what the reasons are. Is it due to social interaction a society has with the individual, or by a person's himself? What are the causes of possible problems in cooperation process and what effects do they have?
Over the past decades, the ways of different approaches towards any sort of work have been changed radically. The fact of an undoubted progress and development in varied spheres of human life is more than evident. However, among all the achievements and growth, there are still some issues on such basic levels as communication and cooperation. There are more than enough examples of people who are able to present their work in a great way as individuals but cannot cooperate with others; and when it comes to the teamwork, it causes a huge problem or even a conflict situation.

From the psychological point of view, this phenomenon is quite normal and common since the roots of the misunderstanding or simply a problematic situation is in the uniqueness of each individual, different attitude and approach. It may sound trivial, yet the fact th...
Simple Positive Psychology
29. June 2018 at 22:21
by Ayesha Shaikh
Some people worry too much leading them to think a lot, and in some way, these are the ingredients of stress and sadness. Let the things settle down. Whatever happens, try to find a path to your inner peace. What’s life?
Life is a gift, live it in a way that it should be lived. Be thankful for what other people do for you and don’t get angry. Appreciate them anyway. Seeing a smile on other's face because of you is a very pleasant feeling. Ever felt like that? Try making someone smile and see how life looks like. Sometimes you just have to be an assertive person and speak-up whenever you need to. Know the rights of others.

Try to improve your communication skills, it’s very important and try to be a social person, it has a lot of benefits. Psychologists today agree that fostering self-esteem and emotional intelligence is the best way to help a child cope with life. The values which a child imbibes in his/her beginning days are the basic foundations for the tomorrow. You should know how to relax yourself when you have a huge burden of work a...
Role of women in agriculture and its allied fields
28. June 2018 at 21:51
by Nisha Meena
Women are the backbone of the development of rural and national economies. They comprise 43% of the world’s agricultural labor force, which rises to 70% in some countries.In Africa, 80% of the agricultural production comes from small farmers, who are mostly rural women. Women comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector, but do not have access and control over all land and productive resources.
Women play a significant and crucial role in agricultural development and allied fields. The nature and extent of women's involvement in agriculture varies greatly from region to region. But regardless of these variations, women are actively involved in various agricultural activities.

As per Census 2011, out of total female main workers, 55 per cent were agricultural labourers and 24 per cent were cultivators. However, only 12.8 per cent of the operational holdings were owned by women, which reflect the gender disparity in ownership of landholdings in agriculture. Moreover, there is concentration of operational holdings (25.7 per cent) by women in the marginal and small holdings categories.

Rural women perform numerous labour intensive jobs such as weeding, hoeing, grass cutting, picking, cotton stick collection, separation of seed...
Speciation Of Soluble Titanium And Vanadium In Agricultural Drainage Water
28. June 2018 at 10:46
by Meshach Idoko
This work was carried out to check the concentrations of Titanium (Ti) and Vanadium (V) metals in agricultural drainage water and aqueous soil sediment extracts from Tony farms limited Koton-karfe Local Government Area, Kogi State. The average concentrations of Ti and V were 19.88µg/g and 12.99µg/g respectively in the aqueous soil sediment extracts and 25.98ppm and 25.25ppm respectively in the agricultural drainage water. This result showed that the drainage water and soil sediment of this area is heavily polluted.
Contamination of the surface of the earth by metallic contaminants from human activities has been significant (Markham, 1994) and thus, regimes of ecosystem of the aquatic and terrestrial environment of the earth’s surface are burdened with a range of metallic pollutants/contaminants. For example, many materials were processed in significant quantities to support the developing technologies underpinning the growth of the developed countries (Markham, 1994; Macklin, 1992). The extraction and utilization of metals as major components of infrastructure and in high value goods became the cornerstone of the development of human civilization (Wedepol, 1991).

Through human activities, contamination of the Earth’s surface by metallic contaminants developed from localized problems associated with mining and initial ore processing, e...
Electronic health records: a diamond in qualitative primary health care
24. June 2018 at 19:52
by Evbodaghe Omo-imafidon
Health records are the most important database of health treatment of the patient. Consistent recording by doctors, nurses and other staff is proof of proper monitoring of the health, planning and treatment. Initial health records were used to describe individual processes. Today, health records are a much broader concept than in the past because in the past, it was the doctors and nurses alone who recorded data.
Health records and documents serve as the basis for the realizing of individual rights, both in civil and legal transactions, as well as the exercise of rights relating to privacy and the retrograde determining health status (MilenaMrinič, 2015).

In healthcare, the use of information technology has developed considerably all over the world, especially in developed countries. On the other side, developing countries are working on sustainable use of technologies, especially in primary healthcare systems. In support of health and healthcare services, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in such areas as healthcare services, health surveillance, health literature and health education, and knowledge and research is fast developing (WHO, 2005).

Use of health information technology, especially at the point of care, is...
The One Thing That We Should Do
23. June 2018 at 19:37
by Muhammad Attique Shah
Youth in Pakistan has an underestimated unending power and courage to move ahead and stand out among very few handpicked unique characters in the world, but because of having less or no dreams they are seen facing a stagnant growth in their personality, social circle, or any other aspect you count. So, this article aims to solve the issue and is intended to attract attention of the world.
Youth of Pakistan can be seen at the verge of comforts and discomforts. A simple jerk can lead to one of mentioned zones; which can destroy their entire career. Though, some may call this write up an Anti-nation article; aimed to deteriorate the image of the nation, but for God sake it is as exact as I have been observing people f my age, I mean youth group.

To make it simple, let me elaborate it with few examples which can advocate; what I want to convey. The very first jerk which shakes their dreams, of moving ahead and grow in the world by proving their intellectual skills, is the jerk; which they receive at the very beginning of their youth age. The jerk is none than career counseling. Yeah, this is, indeed, the beginning of the moment when they start sighting their dreams to get themselves listed among few figures who are famous ...
"Medical Laboratory Science" and "Science Laboratory Technology"
23. June 2018 at 19:36
by Meshach Idoko
Over the years, the course "Medical Laboratory Science" and "Science Laboratory Technology" are two different courses studied in higher institutions of Nigeria that Students are still confused about. Many Nigerian Students do not know the difference between this two courses. This write-up aims to educate undergraduate about the differences between the courses.
The course Science Laboratory Technology is a shade that needs illumination. People don’t understand what the course is all about, even students that apply for it don’t really understand what is ahead of them so they become surprise at what they see. Many people call us “Doctors”, some even mistake us for Medical Laboratory Scientists but is that true? Who are we? What do we do? And where do we work?

The Science Laboratory Technology Program provides students with the necessary skills and techniques for standard, everyday science laboratory work. Science Laboratory Technology Program focuses on the fundamental principles of the biological and physical sciences and emphasizes analytical laboratory techniques and applications, specifically in the realms of chemistry and biology. The curriculum enables the student ...
Illusion Of Knowledge
16. June 2018 at 17:17
by Haamid Ali Shah
"This superficial knowledge gives one an impression as if one knows all. But reality is that we rarely go deep, we rarely try to deliberate and use our brains to add to the existing set of information that we already possess."
Stephen Hawking has rightly remarked that the greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance; it is the illusion of knowledge. He is widely acclaimed for his aphorism. The main purpose of aphorism is to alarm us to be cognisant of the shortcomings of the illusion of knowledge. Illusion of knowledge is one’s faulty, subjective, unscientific, unproved, vague, false, misleading approach or assumption to a thing, fact or information. For instance, there is an inexperienced mechanic, a person goes to him with a glitch in his car, and he checked the car and unnecessarily opened other parts which lead to other problems in car. The illusion of car knowledge may jeopardise the other parts of car.

In the present times people are so engrossed in the superficial things that they seldom try to understand themselves. The current trend of being &...
The fate of the Universe: Today and Tomorrow
08. January 2018 at 22:37
by Santosh Bhandari
Universe, a term most of all signifying the sense of unify or a whole, has always been predicted as a vast space with no beginning and no end. A structural frame of an atom may represent a galaxy which in fact may be demonstrated as such electrons making their way around a mass of protons.
Nevertheless, the major issue has never been dealt ‘How was the universe created or formed?’ We have come with the fact that universe comprises of millions and billions of heavenly bodies all derived from similar composition of dust particles and gases. Unified in a whole, universe is nothing but the aggregation and coalescence of dust particles and gases. Prediction has always overruled the theory of origin of universe. Some predict in one way and the other predict in the other way.

Finally, all theories come up with a common conclusion that one heavenly body is the synthesis of other. If this is true, universe has a common ancestor as in case of evolution of living beings. And, the process will be continuous. That means there is still to form more and more heavenly bodies from the existing ones in times to come. So, ...
Fundamental Rethinking
02. December 2017 at 18:38
by Niroj Bhandari
From the time we are born we are ascribed with certain ideas and identity regardless of whether they are true or not, logical or not...
...not or with any basis or not and still we cling on to them as if they are the most important parts of our life. Have you ever thought how your mind would have been if you were born on a different part of world or born without influence to any of those ideas. It's time for us to go through Fundamental Rethinking.

Reanalyzing what each of us have been doing and the concept behind it. Morality doesn't require a organized religion, origin of universe don't require a super natural being, it's not necessary for us to be bother by what is in afterlife, country or nation is simply a systemic division and many other things.

There is no need to have explanation to things that can't be currently explained but someday it will be. There are more questions to be found then there are questions without answers in this cosmos....
Uplifting Nepal's rural smallholders farmers
19. November 2017 at 01:45
by Santosh Bhandari
Nepal’s skewed land distribution has always been an unavoidable obstacle for infrastructural gain up in the lands of mid-hills. Besides, government seems unable to address the people of rural communities for participatory appraisals. Mid hills of Nepal owes above half the physical land however, agri-able land is pathetically and unstoundingly low. This conditions have led to subtantial increment in problems over rural smallholders in Nepal.
The cause is simple and genuine. Priority has always been focused over minor issues rather than burning issues.Since then, Government has been unable to bear the responsibilities of what circumstances the situations has led to.

Rural areas have been lagging in every sectors since centuries.Multi-factorial causes may have led to this situation. Nevertheless, , social barriers come onto act for the excluded group for not to have access to or control over land because of the deeply rooted feudal systems designed by customary beliefs and highly skewed power groups of that period. These groups were originally deprived of the land titles and still behind in some circumstances. The same case applies to the Dalit communities and backwarded groups. Even though they had been land cultivators as ploughmen and wage labourers at a time when t...
The state of Non-Communcicable Diseases in The Gambia
02. November 2017 at 13:45
by Zermen Bojang
A healthy society is an inevitable asset for any country's political, socio-cultural and economic development. More specific is the need to put non communicable diseases at the center of National Health Policies. The Gambia does not have strong policy guideline and framework to effectively tackle the NCDs as much attention and resources are channeled to reducing infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, Malaria and TB. Consequently, there is a growing number of annual NCD-related deaths due to poor health systems, lack of awareness and little budgets for interventions areas.Crippled by low funding from International agencies, there is need for the government in consultation with all stakeholders to explore quality, cost-effective and sustainable policies and programs that is geared towards preventing and controlling high incidence and death rates on NCDs in the country.
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) otherwise called silent
killers are the second largest category of diseases accounting for 32% of
proportional mortality rates in The Gambia. (WHO
- Non-Communicable diseases country
profile 2014). The four main NCDs with their risk percentages for both male
and females are as follows:

Tobacco smoking- 17%

Alcohol consumption: 3.4%

Raised blood pressure: 32.9%

Obesity: 7.9%

Almost all the NCDs including those highlighted above are primarily linked to either lifestyle behaviors or genetic factors. Luckily, there are means to prevent the incidence of some that are related to lifestyle patterns through proper nutrition, physical activity, etc. as well as a well-established integrated quality healthcare system.

Although significant efforts have been mad...
International Youth Math Challenge
22. September 2017 at 13:15
by Fabian Schneider
The IYMC is the biggest online math competition for students from all countries. Every month we publish a new math challenge for you online. You can win awards for excellence and join the international IYMC network for outstanding students - take this unique opportunity and participate today!
The International Youth Math Challenge is an international mathematics competition that enables students from all countries to prove their math skills and to unleash their creativity. Participate online:

The Process
Every month a new IYMC challenge is published online with three math problems: A, B, and C. In order to successfully complete the challenge you have to find the solution to at least one problem. Submit your solution as file: The file may be typed on a computer (preferred) or contain clear pictures of your manuscript.

Solving the Problem
You may approach the problems on a purely mathematical as well as algorithmic way. Thus you can use your math knowledge as well as you programming skills to solve the problems. We encourage you to be creative and f...
Plant Breeding And Food Security
17. September 2017 at 18:43
by Kushal Naharki
With the increasing food and nutrient insecurity, plant breeding has a major role to provide security by forming high yielding and environmental suitable varieties.
Plant breeding is an applied branch of botany which deals with improvement of agricultural crops which has contributed maximum to food production all over the world. From Green Revolution in 1960 to meet the current food requirement, plant breeding played an important role.

Plant breeding is manipulating plant attributes or performance change according to the need of the society in order to address world food demand and quality needs. Plant breeding enhances the value of food crops by improving their yield and the nutritional quality. Plant breeding is an art, science as well as technology that address food supply needs for a growing world population, helps plant to adapt to environment stress and climate change, helps in adaptation to specific production system to enhance mechanization.

Goals and Objectives of Plant Breedin...
Using Innovation to transform Sierra Leone
27. August 2017 at 14:02
by Jeremiah Thoronka
Sierra Leone has been known for their civil war, Ebola out break,corruption and more recently the mod slide that climb hundreds of life.But their is much more to be happy about, young boys are engaged in innovative works that aims in transforming their citizens life. The world was like wow! When Kelvin Doe built his own radio station using garbage materials to do so. Now their are others who are aiming to do more than he has done.
Their is a group called May Park Scientists, they are all High school students in Sierra Leone. They are made up of five boys attending St. Edward's Senior Secondary School May Park Kingtom Freetown. These are are great scientists in the making if not already. The team leader is Jeremiah Thoronka, and the other members are Brian Sankoh, Moses Moore Conteh, Idrissa Mumin Garber and Mohamed Bah.
They first built what they called a sand billboard, using sand to make one of the finest billboard I've ever seen. They made it in such a way that the moment you saw it you will not belive if they are actually the one who made it.

Every year Innovate Salone normally organise a program where in students all over the country will create an implement or equipment to compete in the annual AR THEY MAKE AM COMPETITION (I am capable of inventing...
Top 5 Global Youth Science Entrepreneurs 2017
24. August 2017 at 14:05
by Lilli Nguyen Phirun
The world faces a tremendous amount of issues that have to be solved. Although it seems as if the educational level and the scientific understanding of the general public decreases more, we observe a hand full of inspiring youths that use their scientific knowledge to achieve great successes.
They have successfully proven their outstanding capabilities in competitions, projects or start-ups. This year we carefully selected five young minds as Global Youth Science Entrepreneurs 2017 to honor their achievements.

Fabian Schneider

Fabian Schneider is one of the top students in Germany and was able to win a variety of competitions and awards due to his knowledge gained through personal research and scientific institutes. He is founder of several startups and organisations such as YPPO or BoM and is engaged in several research projects. He has published his first scientific paper with an age of 19 and his actions and capabilities are inspiring to many youths around the world.

Boyan Slat

This boy started his inspiring activism concerning the oceans of the sees in young age and has established...
The Beauty of Math
15. August 2017 at 20:52
by Fabian Schneider
Mathematics is beautiful: From equations that express hidden relations to highly elegant proves! By combining algorithms and mathematical principles it is possible to generate images that impress through their stunning colors, shapes, and patterns, as well as the deep underlining mathematical secrets they reveal.
Mathematics and art appear to be completely different areas: Art deals with the subjective perception of the human mind and encourages unbounded creativity, no rules, no order. Mathematics, on the other hand, establishes and reveals relations through logical deduction with clear definitions and order.

The website aims to combine both: Hidden patterns of mathematics become visible by applying simple or complex ideas of art. Simultaneously, we yield wonderful pieces of art by applying logical mathematical principles or algorithmic processes!

The possibilities and opportunities to visualize complex or hidden structures and laws are limitless! Already basic ideas for art concepts yield wonderful images that reveal hidden relations.
By applying even more advanced techniques and algorithms you experience the ...
Scientific temperament in India
09. August 2017 at 21:18
by Surender Ponnalagar
In the youngest Scientific temperament & Scientific thinking of young people
India is one of the youngest nation in the world. Around 60% of population are youth. Our cultural, arts diversity examined our wealth of Science especially in Architecture, Medicine, Astronomy. But the current scenario of India examine unstable state of Scientific thinking. Many of the young people doesn't know the basic reasons of Eclipses.
Recently Lunar Eclipse was occurred. Actually its monsoon period in south India. In this occasion most of the time moon will not be visible because of clouds. But many of the people haven't taken food in the evening because of the Lunar Eclipse. They believe without scientific evidence and scientific temperament during the eclipses some negative radiations would attack earth. Even literates also believes that superstitious believes. So building scientific temperament among young people in India g...
Time and Space
19. June 2017 at 12:29
by Chaima Baztami
150 million kilometers is the distance between our Earth and the Sun; 8 minutes is the time needed for sunlight to reach us. The Sun is among the closest stars to our “obscure grain of sand called earth” (Giacomo Leopardi) and every time we observe its light, we are looking at how it was in the near past of 8 minutes ago.
Sirius, the brightest star in the firmament, of the constellation Canis Major, is 7 light years away: its light travels for 7 years just to brighten our nights. And if we were looking at a more distant star, time would be even more stretched, the glow even more ancient. The night sky, a muse to poets and lovers, is a mirror into the past, an exhibit of stars that travel through time to brush our eyes with their light.

The most distant object in the sky ever observed is 13.4 billion light years away, therefore, when we gaze at it, we are seeing how it looked like when the universe itself was only 3% of its age today. It is plausible to think that some of the stars still visible to this day in the night’s dome have actually exploded, ceasing to exist, but we are able to see their glow because of the time it takes for their lig...
Family planning and women empowerment
12. June 2017 at 16:31
by Rajesh Sharma
Family planning refers to the factors that may be considered by a couple in a committed relationship and each individual, involved in deciding if and when to have children. Family planning involve consideration of the number of children a couple wish to have as well as the age at which they wish to have them.
These matters are obviously influenced by external factors such as marital situation, career considerations, financial position, any disabilities that may affect their ability to have children and raise them. There are various means of family planning. These means are meant to reduce the unwanted pregnancies and prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases like Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, HIV AIDS. These include IUCD, Copper T, Condom, contraceptive pills and sterilization process like Vasectomy for male and tubectomy for female.

Access to safe and voluntary family planning is a human right. FP is central to gender equality and women empowerment and it is a key factor in reducing unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases etc. So we can say FP provides the dual protection against both unintended pregnancy and STDs. ...
Girl’s education needs Sustainability
05. June 2017 at 14:11
by Francis Ametepey
Being born as a girl into this world seems to be a curse. Women have and continue to suffer various degrees of injustices and inequalities spanning from cultural, social, economic, religious, and political matters.
Nothing deserves more critical consideration in education than the inequality in education for boys and girls in the poorest countries around the globe. The barriers to girls’ education have been an old phenomenon in society and have proved too problematic to resolve. Their inhumane treatment dated back since human civilization. The discrimination and abuse perpetrated against women continue in society through traditional practices, stereotyping, cultural and religious beliefs which put women at risk and neglect at any level.
These negative attitudes have affected their educational opportunities. But globally, education is recognized as the
fundamental human rights - where every child has the right to receive quality basic education; it is a critical
resource to reduce poverty, inequality, and the foundation for a successf...
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